When I publish an job I don’t see it available afterwards. See example below. As you can see, it seems to be published correctly, but on the toolbar icon it doesn’t appear.
Your robot seems to have been connected to the orchestrator? Since its connected, i believe if you publish your workflow from the studio, it gets published directly to the orchestrator. To have it visible in the system tray now you may have to create process and deploy your recently published package in orchestrator. I believe you need to make sure that your environment for the process and robot is same.
If you don’t want to handle it with orchestrator then just disconnect your robot and do a publish again. All published processes are stored at C:/ProgramData/UiPath/Packages. This is now directly visible in System Tray.
Let me know if it helps.