Difference between image recording and native Citrix automation

Yes ofcourse we can
but if you have the UiPath Extension for Citrix on the client machine and the UiPath Remote Runtime component on the Citrix Virtual Apps (formerly known as Citrix XenApp) application servers then all the elements in that Citrix environment can be accessed as a individual elements
There won’t be a need of image automation if Citrix extension is installed unless you really have a image to process in that Citrix environment

That’s Citrix automation is same as desktop but for Citrix environment with Citrix extension installed

Cheers @ydash999